Here is the
2.0 3.0 model we’re using at Creative Loafing to visualize, produce and deliver our content through seven very real, very distinct, very monetizable platforms. It will continue to change and adapt over time to fit new media, new content and new audiences – but for now, this is what we’re dealing with.
A. Platforms (numbered here 1-7) are portals through which content is delivered to an end-user:
1. Printed material (newspaper, magazines, even printed collateral such as shirts, flyers, etc.)
2. Web (Web sites, social networks)
3. Messaging (typically a branch of Web – this can include e-mail, text, Twitter)
4. Mobile (A combination of Web and Messaging, but definitely a platform of its own – mobile sites, apps)
5. Audio (CDs, podcasts, even word of mouth)
6. Video (DVDs, online video, digital billboards, POP screens)
7. Events or experiences (physical or street-level events, performances or personal interaction)
B. Content flows in streams. These can be adapted to any industry (music, etc.) but in this model are for the purposes of the publishing industry and are labeled sales (red), editorial (yellow) and marketing (blue). Since these departments typically create or drive content together, these streams are depicted as “braided” or flowing simultaneously. (The publishing model also allows for Operations and Circulation – two departments that support content delivery, but that typically do not create it).
C. The Qualities of the individual streams can be:
1. Static / Archivable (stored media, media on “the cloud,” physical media)
2. Forwarded (most of the messaging platform – e-mail, re-tweets, as well as word of mouth)
3. Interactive / Participatory (2-way or social interaction with a medium, mostly web- or event-based)
4. Degradable (as in a newspaper that deteriorates or a memory that eventually fades)
D. The platforms (or portals) themselves are not mutually exclusive. Audio content can be a podcast, but it can also be word of mouth. Video can be an individually-viewed YouTube clip or a digital billboard in full view of everyone. Content can (and should) be delivered through more than one platform at a time. Content can also be a multi-platform experience such as a Web site (2) forwarded to you via e-mail (3) and then viewed via the mobile Web (4) (see illustration), or printed material (1) handed to you at an event (7).
E. All platforms represent outbound delivery and are not directly related to (or limited to) sense receptors of any one end-user. The audience interacts with content based on increasingly varying combinations of devices, touchpoints and relevance. A printed artifact can engage the sense of touch, sight and even smell. Video affects sight and hearing (and now, with the advent of tablets – touch). Event-based content typically takes advantage of all the user’s senses for a given length of time.
Note: The platforms and the qualities of the streams should not be confused with “user experience.” End-user experience should be measured using the Medill study here.
Most people are familiar enough with the publishing model: editorial content is supported by advertising, marketed within a community and circulated to its readers. Simple enough. Same goes for the Web: content is framed by advertising and marketed via search/e-mail platforms to an ideally immediate and plugged-in readership or audience (that is loyal to the writer/artist, voice of the publication or the company brand). But for the purposes of our model, any creation of content (book publishing, music, art, film) and the housing and delivery of it (management, distribution) must be viewed as one living, integral system.*
P(3) = Editorial produces the content, sales powers the content, and marketing positions it.
*In biological terms, consider the sales/advertising elements as the power stores that will create the energy within the cell or system to drive and deliver (or propagate) content outward. It is the job of the combined streams (the nucleus of editorial, sales and marketing) to maintain that the content, brand identity or message (DNA) is properly replicated.